Oscar Burkard at Leech Lake – October 5, 1898

On October 5, 1898, just two weeks after the 3rd Infantry Regiment returned to Fort Snelling, Minnesota from a deployment fighting in Santiago, Cuba during the War with Spain, the Regiment was in the thick of fighting again.

A group of Chippewa at the reservation at Leech Lake, Minnesota, were being cheated by local white residents of the revenue derived from the sale of timber on the reservation. An argument ensued, and the local U.S. Marshal was summoned, only to be forcefully ejected from the reservation by the Indians, who were now armed. A company of the 3rd Infantry Regiment was sent to settle the disturbance in October 1898, commanded by Brevet Major James Wilkinson and Lieutenant Tenney Ross, the former a seasoned veteran of the Civil War and campaigns against Indians for thirty years. The Indians kept the company pinned down by well-directed sniper fire for almost three days until it was reinforced. Wilkinson and several of the recruits who had only recently joined the Regiment to fight in Cuba were killed, and ten were wounded. In ministering to the latter, Private Oscar Burkard, a Hospital Corps soldier attached to the Regiment, earned the third Medal of Honor awarded to an Old Guardsman.

During the course of the fight, “Private Burkard rescued and tended to several wounded in the action, continuously exposing himself to sniper fire. His award was the last given for actions against hostile Indians.”

This action was the last combat between an Army unit and Native Americans.

Medal of Honor Day – March 25

March 25 is Medal of Honor Day. We take time today to remember the four members of the 3d Infantry Regiment that have been awarded the Medal of Honor.

Sergeant James Fegan, Company H
Plum Creek, Kansas, March 1868
http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/1641/fegan-james.php

Corporal Leander Herron, Company A
Near Fort Dodge, Kansas, 2 September 1868
http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/1691/herron-leander.php

Private Oscar Burkard, Hospital Corps (attached to 3rd Infantry Regiment)
Leech Lake, Minnesota, 5 October 1898
http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/1576/burkard-oscar.php

Corporal Michael Fleming Folland, Company D, 2d Battalion, 3d Infantry, 199th Infantry Brigade
Long Kahn, Province, Republic of Vietnam, 3 July 1969
http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/3280/folland-michael-fleming.php

Below is a link to the Fort Larned National Historic Site’s Multimedia page. Fort Larned recently uploaded an audio clip of Corporal Leander Herron speaking about the experience (5:33 mins).

http://www.nps.gov/fols/learn/photosmultimedia/multimedia.htm

Oscar Burkard – Medal of Honor recipient

On October 5, 1898, just two weeks after the 3rd Infantry Regiment returned to Fort Snelling, Minnesota from a deployment fighting in Santiago, Cuba during the War with Spain, the Regiment was in the thick of fighting again.


A group of Chippewa at the reservation at Leech Lake, Minnesota, were being cheated by local residents of the revenue derived from the sale of timber on the reservation. An argument ensued, and the local U.S. Marshal was summoned, only to be forcefully ejected from the reservation by the Indians, who were now armed. A company of the 3rd Infantry Regiment was sent to settle the disturbance in October 1898, commanded by Brevet Major James Wilkinson and Lieutenant Tenney Ross, the former a seasoned veteran of the Civil War and campaigns against Indians for thirty years. The Indians kept the company pinned down by well-directed sniper fire for almost three days until it was reinforced. Wilkinson and several of the recruits who had only recently joined the Regiment to fight in Cuba were killed, and ten were wounded. In ministering to the latter, Private Oscar Burkard, a Hospital Corps soldier attached to the Regiment, earned the third Medal of Honor awarded to an Old Guardsman.


During the course of the fight, “Private Burkard rescued and tended to several wounded in the action, continuously exposing himself to sniper fire. His award was the last given for actions against hostile Indians.”

This action was the last combat between an Army unit and Native Americans.